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International Development

International development or global development is a broad concept denoting the idea that societies and countries have different levels of “development” on an international scale. “International development” is different from the simple concept of “development”. Whereas the latter, at its most basic, denotes simply the idea of change through time, international development has come to refer to a distinct field of practice, industry, and research; the subject of university courses and professional categorizations.

International development is related to the concept of international aid, but is distinct from, disaster relief and humanitarian aid.[citation needed] While these two forms of international support seek to alleviate some of the problems associated with a lack of development, they are most often short term fixes – they are not necessarily long-term solutions. International development, on the other hand, seeks to implement long-term solutions to problems by helping developing countries create the necessary capacity needed to provide such sustainable solutions to their problems. A truly sustainable development project is one that will be able to carry on indefinitely with no further international involvement or support, whether it be financial or otherwise.

International development projects may consist of a single, transformative project to address a specific problem or a series of projects targeted at several aspects of society. Promoted projects are ones that involve problem-solving that reflects the unique culture, politics, geography, and economy of a region. More recently, the focus in this field has been projected that aims towards empowering women, building local economies, and caring for the environment.

In the context of human development, it usually encompasses foreign aid, governance, healthcare, education, poverty reduction, gender equality, disaster preparedness, infrastructure, economics, human rights, environment, and issues associated with these.

During recent decades, development thinking has shifted from modernization and structural adjustment programs to poverty reduction. Under the former system, poor countries were encouraged to undergo social and economical structural transformations as part of their development, creating industrialization and intentional industrial policy. Poverty reduction rejects this notion, consisting instead of direct budget support for social welfare programs that create macroeconomic stability leading to an increase in economic growth.

The concept of poverty can apply to different circumstances depending on the context. Poverty is the condition of lacking economic access to fundamental human needs such as food, shelter, and safe drinking water. While some define poverty primarily in economic terms, others consider social and political arrangements also to be intrinsic – often manifested in a lack of dignity.

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Millennium Goals

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight goals with measurable targets and clear deadlines for improving the lives of the world's poorest people.

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Nordic Approach and ID

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Future Tense

The future tense expresses actions that have not yet occurred or that will occur at a later time.

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